WHAT IS

A TONALITY?

Most amateur musicians play in major, as the majority of popular songs in our culture are in major. However, when we are learning music, because we naturally learn by comparison, we must have at least one other tonality to compare major to. 

However, there is general confusion amongst most beginning musicians about what a tonality actually is.  A song, for example, like “Shady Grove” has a minor tonic chord, and in communicating with other musicians, one simply might refer to it as a “minor song.” 

Music Learning Theory seeks to abate that confusion by bringing clarity to the definition of a tonality. 

Tonality

A tonality is defined by its tonal center, or Resting Tone. Each tonality has its own:

  • Resting Tone
  • Characteristic Tones
  • Primary Harmonic Functions

ORGANIZING THE TONALITIES

Music Learning Theory classifies and organizes the tonalities in relation to their resting tone. To achieve this, we employ a system of verbal association using tonal solfege.

A moveable-DO system, with a LA-based minor, is the most efficient way to organize the tonalities. This system is a useful one because the half step relationship between MI and FA, and TI and DO, always remains consistent amongst the tonalities (with the single exception of Harmonic Minor.)

So, if you are audiating DO as the resting tone, you are in the tonality of Major (referred to by music theorists as the Ionian mode). If you are audiating RE as the resting tone, you are in the tonality of Dorian. And so on.

RESTING TONE

TONALITY

DO

Major

RE

Dorian

MI

Phrygian

FA

Lydian

SO

Mixolydian

LA

(Harmonic) Minor

LA

Aeolian

TI

Locrian

THE TONALITIES AS TONAL CENTERS

Musicians who continue to further their studies, perhaps in investigating methods and techniques on how to take a solo, might come across the tonalities above as modes.

Someone might explain the modes to someone like this: If you play the white notes on the piano from C to C, that’s Ionian. If you play from D to D, that’s Dorian. If you play from E to E, that’s Phrygian.

And while that is true, and is a perfectly fine way to hear the modes, it really is missing the point. Instead of looking at the modes as scales, it is more beneficial to our musicianship to regard each of the modes as tonal centers, as tonalities.

If, then, we begin to think about each of the tonalities as tonal centers, rather than as an obscure scale we use only in Jazz improvisation, we will realize that there are characteristic chords - harmonic functions - that accompany each tonality. These chords ground us in each tonality.

TONALITY ETUNES

In keeping with the Whole-Part-Whole philosophy, below are short, repetitive songs in each of the tonalities. These etunes contain the primary harmonic functions and characteristic tones of each tonality. Consider these the first "Whole." 

Listen to these etunes many times to get the sound of each tonality into your audiation. 


Etunes vol. 1 Cover - MLT-What is a Tonality?

All 8 Etunes are available in mp3 form. These are great for car or treadmill listening. 

VIDEO EXPLANATION

cropped LOGO 1 - MLT-What is a Tonality?

A resource for musicians, music teachers, and parents of future musical prodigy



Recent Projects

Musicianship Level 1 cover 1024x1024 - MLT-What is a Tonality?

Learn the language of music.

Etunes vol. 1 Cover - MLT-What is a Tonality?

Learn the tonalities with these short, catchy tunes. 

Every Day Songs With Words COVER - MLT-What is a Tonality?

Short songs in varied tonalities and meters with words to sing for your baby. 

Chucka Chucka Wawa COVER  - MLT-What is a Tonality?

Vocal musings for listening and audiation purposes. 


Subscribe!

Column 2

avatar - MLT-What is a Tonality?

Andrew Mullen is a teacher, folk musician, multi-instrumentalist, song-writer, and lifelong learner. He has taught all levels of students in a number of subjects, and is currently a middle school teacher and curriculum coach in Burlington, Massachusetts. Mr Mullen holds Masters degrees in Music Education and School Administration, as well as certification from the Gordon Institute of Music Learning (GIML) in Elementary General and Early Childhood Music. He is currently entertaining Doctoral scholarships.

Subscribe!